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Zika Virus: Advice for Travelers

Zika Virus (ZIKV), although first identified in 1947 has made its way back to affect more than 30 countries around the globe. It’s grave this time and has raised alarm for a lot of travelers with no medication or vaccines available so far. This mosquito-borne disease is transmitted through the species of Aedes mosquito which typically bite during the day, dawn and dusk being the peak timings.


Affected Areas:

Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname and Venezuela are the countries that have the most reported cases of Zika Virus so far. There are a number of suspected cases reported in United States because of the travelers returning from these affected areas.


Prevention:

Prevention is certainly the best cure for Zika Virus. The most apparent one is to avoid traveling to the affected areas. Where health officials need to focus on treating water bodies, it is essential to wear an EPA-approved mosquito repellent. Choosing your clothing sensibly can help you to avoid mosquito bites. For travelers, it is highly recommended to consult your travel clinics before you begin your journey.


Symptoms

Symptoms do not show that quickly, while for some they don’t appear at all. Typically, it includes fever, headache, rash and joint pains. In rare cases, infected might also experience loss of appetite and dizziness. Because the required treatment is still not available, curbing fever in the normal ways is recommended.


Treatment

Although the required treatment is absent at the moment, researchers are doing their job in creating an effective Zika vaccine that would fight the outbreak. For now, prevention is a must to escape the disasters of the virus.